Skip to main content

Full text of "Flora Indica Vol-I"

See other formats

Tinospora.']                         FLORA INDICA.                                     183
shape of tie embryo and the nature of the albumen of ChasmantJwa were not dc-
tenmnable in the seed examined.
In a Tinospora which we refer to T. crispa, Miers, a portion of stem, probably six
to eight years old, is loose, and soft and spongy, about half an inch in diameter, and
has the following structure:—Pitk one-thM the diameter of the stem, of large
hexagonal utricles, full of starch. Medullary rays and bark the same. Wood-wedges
small, about twenty, half-way between centre and circumference, often lobcd, and
with traces of annual increase, divided by broad medullary rays, broadly lanceolate
on a transverse section, formed of dotted or perforated pleurenchyma, and large
dotted ducts, with oblique gashes on their walls, l/iber-bundles arcuate, rather
distant from the wood, often confluent into a narrow zone. Bark of delicate utri-
cular tissue, foil of starch; outer layer of many rows of parallel radially compressed
cells. JBpidermis covered with many longitudinal rimaj, each with a central furrow
aud prominent cellular lips.
1. T. tomentosa (Miers in Taylor's Annals, ser. 2. vii. 38); foliis
subtrilobis-.subtus toraentosis.—Cocculus tomentosus, Golebr. in Linn.
Tr. xiii. 59; Wall. Cat. 4956 ! Meaispermum tomentosurn, Roxb. Ft.
Ind. iii. 813.
HAB. In duraelis Bengalis, Son&J Ava, -WalL!—(¥\> Fcbr. Mart,)
Frutex alte scandens, cortice einereo, pustulis scabris tccto; partes novella to-
mentoseB. Folia rotundato-cordata, antiee repauda, vel phis iniuus triloba, xitruiquc
(subtus pracscrtim) tomeutosa, 3-0 poll, longa <;t fere jcquilata. Prtioli folia fw
jcquantes, toraentosi. Itacemi solitarii vel fasciculati, plerumque simplices, iloribus
in axillis bractearurn minntarum dcciduarum fasciculatis. Tfilamenta, clavata. An-
thers bilobae, Untpa 1-3, pisi majoris magaitudine, sabglobosas, Iteves, aurantiacBe.
Our description is entirely taken from Roxburgh, as we have seen no specimens
escort those in the Wallichiaft Herbarium, which are very imperfect. The stem is
covered with very minute granular tubercles.
3. T* Malabarica (Miers in Taylor's Annals, ser. 2. vii. 38); fo-
Jiis cordatoovatis snbtus dense vel tenuiter pubescentibus.—Menisper-
miim Malabaricum, Zam. Willd. Cocculus Malabaricus, DC. Syst, i.
618, Prod, I 97 ; Wall. Cat. 4969 \-RJieefo Mai vii. t. 19.
UAB. In Malabaria, fflteede; Concan, Nimmo; in Bengalia versus
basin Himalayas Sikb'mensis, Hamilton 1 in moutibus Khasia a basi ad
ait. 4000 ped.! ct in prov. Chittagong!—(y. o.)
Prutex scandene, cpriice cinereo; partes novelise pilis albicantibus obsitse. Petioli
teretca, basi incrassati, pilosi. Folia cordiformia, acuminata, aubtus lanuginosa, su-
pemc pilis subaspera Bcptemnervia, 3-6 poll, longa et fere aequilata. Racemi folii
lon^itudine. Phres virides. Dnt$a maturac coratlini ruboris.
There IB a specimen in the Hookeriau Herbarium from Ceylon, without leaves,
which is probably referable to this species j but, as we cannot identify it with cer-
tainty, we do not describe it, Onr Khasia and Chittagong specimens are in leaf
only, and are therefore also doubtful. Careful observations arc required to establish
the distinctive characters of all the species of this genus.
3. T. crispa (Miers in Taylor's Annals, ser. 2. vii. 38); foliis cor-
dnto-ovatis vel oblongis acuuiinatis glabris, staminibus basi cum petalis
cohaerentibus, antheris tetragonis.—Menispermum crispum. Linn. &p.
1468. M. verrucosum, Roxb. fa-lad, in. 808; Fleming in Mat.-Re*. xi.
17L Coccidua crispus, DJJ%^. L 5^1, Prod, i, 97; W. et A. Prod.i.